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2015年成人高考专升本英语考试真题及答案(文字版) ​

文章来源: 云南成考网 发布时间: 2021-06-18 17:31

2015年成人高考专升本英语考试真题及答案(文字版)


I. Phonetics (5 points )Directions: In each of the following groups of words, there, are four
underlined letters or lettercombinations marked A, B, C and D. Compare the
underlined parts and identify the one thatis different from the others in
pronunciation. Mark your answer by blackening the corres-ponding letter on the
Answer Sheet.第1题单选 选出下面读音不同的选项()。A.ruralB.uglyC.productD.uncle参考答案:A第2题单选 选出下面读音不同的选项()。A.flowerB.howC.showerD.Slow参考答案:D第3题单选 选出下面读音不同的选项()。A.coughB.ghostC.enoughD.1aughter参考答案:B第4题单选 选出下面读音不同的选项()。A.disturbB.absorbC.climbD.Rob参考答案:C第5题单选 选出下面读音不同的选项()。。A.heatB.featherC.deadlineD.Measure参考答案:AII. Vocabulary and Structure( 15 points)Directions:There are 15 incomplete sentences in this section. For each
sentence there are fourchoices marked A, B, C and D. Choose one answer that best
completes the sentence andblacken the corresponding letter on the Answer
Sheet.第6题单选 These are the pictures of the hotel __________ we held our annual
meetings.A.thatB.whenC.whichD.where参考答案:D第7题单选 I wonder if there is __________ university in your hometown.A.aB.anC./D.the参考答案:A第8题单选 Only in my thirties __________a purpose in life.A.I foundB.found IC.I did findD.did I find参考答案:D第9题单选 __________ his telephone number, she didn’t know how to get in touch
with him.A.ForgettingB.To forgetC.To have forgottenD.Having forgotten参考答案:D第10题单选 My aunt’s business has been doing poorly,but she’s hoping that
her__________ will change.A.dutyB.fameC.luckD.emotion参考答案:C第11题单选 Who should be responsible __________ the accident?A.withB.forC.ofD.at参考答案:B第12题单选 It is __________ that text messaging while driving is dangerous.A.necessaryB.sufficientC.obviousD.significant参考答案:C第13题单选 My secretary usually opens my post__________ it’s
marked“private”.A.unlessB.ifC.asD.for参考答案:A第14题单选 Several novels by Mo Yan __________ into English so far.A.are translatedB.have been translatedC.were translatedD.had been translated参考答案:B第15题单选 The pianist didn’t __________ until the last minute before the
concert.A.turn offB.turn onC.turn outD.turn up参考答案:D第16题单选 The old man,together with his neighbors,__________ the performance
when it began to rain.A.was enjoyingB.were enjoyingC.has enjoyedD.have enjoyed参考答案:A第17题单选 My teacher recommended that l__________ as careful as possible when
I took an exam.A.amB.wereC.beD.will be参考答案:C第18题单选 Let’s go to the airport a little earlier __________ we can choose
better seats.A.by thatB.so thatC.for thatD.now that参考答案:B第19题单选 Jason made sharp comments on Mary’s idea,but he didn’t mean
__________ her.A.HurtB.HurtingC.to hurtD.to be hurt参考答案:C第20题单选 ——I’m sorry about the misunderstanding.一You__________ apologize,it wasn’t your fault.A.couldn’tB.mustn’tC.wouldn’tD.needn’t参考答案:D


Ⅲ. Cloze ( 30 points)Directions:For each blank in the following passage, there are four choices
marked A, B, Cand D. Choose the one that is most suitable and mark your answer
by blackening the corres-ponding letter on the Answer Sheet.Where do cars get their energy from? For most cars,the answer is petrol.
21___________some cars use electricity.These cars have 22 __________motors that
get their power from large batteries.In 23 ,there are even cars that have 24__________ an electric motor and a
petrol motor.These types of cars are 25__________ hybrid(混合)cars.Most people tend to think of electric cars as a new 26 __________,but they
have been around for a long time.In the 27__________ 19th and early 20th
centuries electric cars were common because the technology for petrol engines
was not very advanced.But 28__________ the petrol engine became easier to make and more
powerful,this type of engines became the most 29 __________.Interest in electric
cars was high in the l970s and 1980s because 30__________ became very
expensive.Recently,electric cars have again become well-liked because people want
cars that pollute 31__________ . Electric cars are better than petrol cars
32__________ several ways.The biggest benefit is reduced pollution.In areas 33__________ there is a high percentage of electric cars,pollution
is not that serious.The second benefit of electric cars is a 34 __________in the
dependence on foreign oil.Several countries don’t want to 35 __________on oil from other
countries.Since electric cars can run on electricity from coal or nuclear power
stations,there is less need to import oil.第21题单选 请填写最佳答案( )A.orB.AndC.NorD.But参考答案:D第22题单选 请填写最佳答案( )A.sameB.specialC.commonD.traditional参考答案:B第23题单选 请填写最佳答案( )A.timeB.additionC.detailD.summary参考答案:B第24题单选 请填写最佳答案( )A.eitherB.neitherC.bothD.all参考答案:C第25题单选 请填写最佳答案( )A.calledB.knownC.regardedD.described参考答案:A第26题单选 请填写最佳答案( )A.instrumentB.intentionC.influenceD.invention参考答案:D第27题单选 请填写最佳答案( )A.recentB.lateC.beginningD.last参考答案:B第28题单选 请填写最佳答案( )A.beforeB.untilC.afterD.unless参考答案:C第29题单选 请填写最佳答案( )A.difficultB.dangerousC.comfortableD.popular参考答案:D第30题单选 请填写最佳答案( )A.carsB.oilC.powerD.motors参考答案:B第31题单选 请填写最佳答案( )A.lessB.fewC.moreD.much参考答案:A第32题单选 请填写最佳答案( )A.atB.onC.inD.by参考答案:C第33题单选 请填写最佳答案( )A.whatB.whichC.whereD.when参考答案:C第34题单选 请填写最佳答案( )A.reductionB.riseC.needD.start参考答案:A第35题单选 请填写最佳答案( )A.relyB.keepC.holdD.put参考答案:A


IV. Reading Comprehension ( 60 points)Directions:There are five reading passages in this part. Each passage is
followed by fourquestions. For each question there are four suggested answers
marked A, B, C and D. Chooseone best answer and blacken the corresponding letter
on the Answer Sheet.Passage oneI talk to strangers for a living and love the challenge of getting their
stories published in newspapers.I've been married for years,but until six months
ago,I could be a typical absent—minded husband.Often l was just nodding when l
was supposed to.When my wife asked,“Did you even hear what I just said?”1 would
defensively say,“of course I did!”In January,I began to lose my voice.Doctors told me I needed surgery,or my
throat would be permanently damaged.Total silence would be required for the
first few weeks of my recovery.Two hours after the surgery,my eyes filled with tears as my two-year-old
son looked puzzled because l wouldn’t answer his questions.I wanted to talk but
couldn’t.Luckily,I'd recorded myself reading some of his favorite books.That
would come in handy the next couple of weeks.It had never left.I'd just stopped noticing.I found myself understanding
her better on topics I'd previously dismissed as “things I just don’t get as a
guy”.I also realized my son wasn’t just talking nonstop but that he often had
thoughtful things to say.Even while walking my dog in the woods near our home,I
began hearing pleasant patterns in birdsongs.Before my surgery,I'd have spent
those walks on my phone.After several weeks,I was fully recovered. Conversation in our house is
better now,not because I'm talking more.I’m just listening better and becoming
less and less surprised that I like what I hear.第36题单选 According to the passage,the author is most likely a __________
.A.driverB.teacherC.doctorD.Journalist参考答案:D第37题单选 What does the wife mean by asking “Did you even hear what I just
said? ”in Paragraph 1 ?A.Yon should listen to me.B.You didn’t want to talk with me.C.You should tell me what I said just now.D.You didn’t have to nod while you were listening.参考答案:A第38题单选 What is true of the author after the surgery?A.He was required to keep silent for the first few monthsB.He was worried about his recovery after the surgery.C.He was unable to communicate with his son.D.He was unwilling to talk to his wife.参考答案:C第39题单选 What did the author realize after the surgery?A.His wife was a talkative woman.B.His house was full of pleasant talks.C.His son didn’t like talking.D.His dog liked pleasant birdsongs.参考答案:BPassage TwoCoconut(椰子)is an unusual food for many reasons.It is one of the largest
edible seeds produced by any plant.Its unusual contents also make it unique in
the seed world—it consists of both “meat“ and “water” inside.The coconut meat is
the white substance with which we are all familiar,as it is used extensively for
cooking and flavorings;the coconut water is a white and sweet
liquid.Portuguese(葡萄牙的)explorers gave the nut its name in the l5th century, referring to it as
coco,meaning “ghost” in their language.The outside appearance of coconuts
reminded them of a ghost’s face,and the tree has had that name ever since.The coconut has varied uses.It is used to make various cooking oils for
fast food restaurants around the world to make diet materials.The coconut fluid
is a favorite drink in hot climates,providing a cool and refreshing beverage
right off the tree.This water is also used by manufacturers of various sports
drinks.Even the shell itself has many uses,including animal food and
fertilizer.And all these are only some of the uses found for the coconut fruit.The
coconut tree, which produces the nut,also produces many useful things.It’s no
wonder that the coconut tree has been taken as “the tree of life”.

第40题单选 What does the underlined word“edible’in Paragraph 1 mean?A.Visible.B.Collectible.C.AvailableD.Eatable.参考答案:

第41题单选 The coconut got its name because of __________ .A.its hard shellB.its white colorC.its ghostlike appearanceD.its round shape参考答案:C

第42题单选 What is the passage mainly about?A.The history of coconut.B.Uses of coconut.C.The discovery of coconut.D.Types of coconut seeds参考答案:B

第43题单选 What can be learned from the passage?A.Coconut trees are useful plants.B.Coconut oil is rare and expensive.C.Coconut trunks are houses for birds.D.Coconut fluid can become fertilizer.参考答案:A


Passage ThreeMost students choose “Homestay” accommodation when they study abroad:others
select Homestay even if they are not on a study visit.Statistics show that it’s
a form of accommodation gaining in popularity all the time.But what is Homestay? And what makes it so popular?Homestay means living with a family,or“host family”as we say.There are
three ways of doing it:choose to learn English in a language school near to your
Homestay location:have your English classes in the house with a member of the family who is a
qualified teacher;select not to have classes at all when you visit——a popular choice if you
want to do the tourist thing for example.Even in their busy summer period the organizations that arrange the
Homestays will always try to place you with the most suitable host family to
match your requirements.Placement(安置)organizations think about
location,interests,language level,eating requirements,allergies (过敏)and other
requests you may have.Though prices vary according to your needs,good quality Homestay
accommodation can be relatively economical--and although you may be charged an
extra amount of money if you want your Homestay in or near the city center.Even
if you stay further out,you can expect your journey into the center not to
exceed 30 minutes.Not only does Homestay accommodation represent value for money, it also
gives you an excellent opportunity to practice English with your host
family.This is a very important extra for students who like to speak as much
English as possible. But if you plan to learn English,why not have your English
classes in your host family. There’s no better way to learn English than
this—the perfect combination of learning and accommodation combined with the
cultural experience !第44题单选 Homestay is an ideal choice for students who __________ .A.plan to visit relativesB.want to stay at homeC.plan to study overseasD.want to learn statistics参考答案:C第45题单选 Who will consider students’requirements before their Homestay
starts?A.The English teacher.B.The placement organization.C.The host family.D.The language school.参考答案:B第46题单选 Which of the following is a key factor affecting the price of
Homestay?A.Nationality of the host family.B.Eating habits of the host family.C.Students’language level.D.Students’specific needs.参考答案:D第47题单选 What can be inferred from the passage?A.The author is in favor of Homestay accommodation.B.The author is doubtful about the safety of Homestay.C.The author finds Homestay arrangement complicated.D.The author finds Homestay accommodation expensive.参考答案:APassage FourUsing 1ess energy around the home is easier than you might think,saving you
money while creating a heathier,more comfortable living space for you and your
family. Changing a few old habits can make an impact on your energy bill, your
comfort and the environment. Here are some handy tips to make your house more
energy-efficient.Lower the heatIf your home has adjustable central heating,lowering the room temperature
even slightly can make a difference. You may not feel it,but your wallet will.
It is even more advisable to control temperatures at different times of the
day.Hang clothes out to dryIf the weather allows it,head outside and dry your laundry on a
clothesline. The sunlight will help eliminate bacteria and dust. While clothes
dryers get the job done faster,they also use up energy.By hanging your clothes
out you’ll be cutting greenhouse gases by about three kilograms per load.Take advantage of natural lightInstalling large windows on the northern side of your house can help you
make use of sunlight’s natural warmth. To stay cool indoors on hot summer
days,install blinds(百叶窗) to block the heavy sun.Put your desk near the
window,then you don’t need a lamp in the daytime.Wrap(裹)your pipesBe sure your hot—water pipes are properly wrapped.In an average
home,heating wateraccounts for more than one—quarter of the energy bill.Why let warmth go to
waste before it reaches you?Choose the right size for appliances(家用电器)When the time comes to replace appliances,select those that are both
energy—efficient and of the appropriate size for your needs.Don’t buy bigger
ones just because you can.


第48题单选 What benefit may using less energy at home bring about?A.Having a healthier living environment.B.Improving your work efficiency.C.Keeping old habits unchanged.D.Enlarging your living space.参考答案:A


第49题单选 Which of the following is one of the advantages of hanging clothes
out to dry?A.It may help to build a greenhouse.B.It helps remove bacteria in clothes.C.It uses half the energy that clothes dryers do.D.It gets clothes dry much faster than clothes dryers.参考答案:B


第50题单选 What can be installed on the northern side of your house to make
better use of natural light?A.Blinds.B.Curtains.C.Windows.D.Shades.参考答案:C

第51题单选 Besides energy-efficiency,what else should be considered when
replacing appliances?A.Replacing time.B.Reasonable price.C.Good quality.D.Proper size.参考答案:D


Passage FiveAs we recently discovered,there is a Stepmother’s Day,though it is not on
any official holiday calendar.So,it would be safe to assume that there is a
similar day for stepdads,too.Right? Well,it depends on what you read.A Google search brought up posts
that say,for example,“It’s on father’s day--father’s day is for
fathers,step—fathers and people who are like fathers to you-it’s a day for
making father figures feel special.”Further searching found a Stepfather’s Day
Facebook page that says,“The unofficial Stepfather’s Day is the fourth Sunday of
June.”Unfortunately,as of the publishing of this article,only 30 people have
“liked” the page.Considering that studies show 3.3 million men,or 11.1%of
U.S.fathers,live with at least one stepchild,that’s only a drop in the
ocean.It’s interesting to note that there is a National Grandparents’
Day.President Jimmy Carter signed it into law in 1978.Law! While grandparents
are undoubtedly special people in our children’s lives,they are often seen as
the most loving family members.But what about the stepparents? The stepparents
are the ones who are often the outsiders,the ones who have to endure the hurtful
“You’re not my dad!” or “You’re not my mom!” And yet they never give up.They do their best to overcome the inherent challenges of stepparents and
be role models for their stepchildren.These unsung(未被颂扬的)family heroes deserve
“official” days of honor.Perhaps if we are loud enough,President Obama,who had a
stepfather himself,will sign into law National Stepmother’s Day and National
Stepfather’s Day.Are you with me? Follow me and get your voice heard.How cool it would be if
we could make this happen!

第52题单选 What does the underlined word“that’’in Paragraph 1 refer to?A.Father figures who are equally honored in the U.S.B.30 people who support Stepfather’s Day on the Facebook page.C.3.3 million men who live with at least one stepchild in the world.D.11.1%of U.S.fathers who live with at least one stepchild in the U.S.参考答案:B

第53题单选 What did President Jimmy Carter sign into law in 1978 ?A.The National Grandparents’Day.B.The National Grandchildren’s Day.C.The National Stepparents’Day.D.The National Stepchildren’s Day.参考答案:A

第54题单选 Which of the following is closest in meaning to the word“inherent”in
paragraph 2 ?.A.Unbelievable.B.ToughC.Lasting.D.Inevitable.参考答案:D第55题单选 What is the reason for setting an official holiday for
stepparents?A.Because they love their role as stepparents.B.Because they are often treated as heroes in the family.C.Because they deserve respect and honor as family members.D.Because they are often seen as the most loving family members。参考答案:CV. Daily Conversation( 15 points)Directions:Pick out appropriate expressions from the eight choices below
and complete thefollowing dialogue by blackening the corresponding letter on the
Answer Sheet.根据下面选项回答下面试题:A.Where are you going todayB.That’s not our busC.I'll catch up on my reading to kill timeD.There isn’t a cloud in the skyE.Did you catch the news todayF.How long have you been waitingG.Have a nice dayH.Don’t forget your bookMary:We couldn’t ask for a better day,could we?John:I know. 56__________.I love this time of the year.Mary:This bus seems to be running late,doesn’t it? 57 __________ ?John:I've been here for at least ten minutes.Mary:Ah,here comes a bus!John:Oh good.Wait ! 58 __________ .That bus goes downtown.Mary:Well,it looks like we’11 be waiting a little longer. 59 __________ ,I
guess.John:Oh,I'm afraid you have no time for that.Here’s our bus.Mary:Oh great! I thought it would never come.John: 60 __________ !Mary:You too。

第56题简答 填入(56)处的最佳答案是()。参考答案:D

第57题简答 填入(57)处的最佳答案是()。参考答案:

第58题简答 填入(58)处的最佳答案是()。参考答案:

第59题简答 填入(59)处的最佳答案是()。

第60题简答 填入(60)处的最佳答案是()。参考答案:GVI. 


Writing ( 25 points)Directions :For this part,you are supposed to write an essay in English in
100 -120words based on the following information. Remember to write it
clearly.你(Li Yuan)在英语学习中遇到了一些困难,希望得到帮助。请给你的英国笔友 (Jason)写封信,内容包括:·介绍你学习英语的经历;·描述你在英语学习中遇到的困难;·希望笔友给你一些建议。

参考答案:

 Dear Mr. Jason,I am a high school student and now I am going to take the College Entrance
Examination. I am writing to you about my difficulties in learning English. In
fact, I do well in other subjects, but English is my headache. I can't remember
the new words and expressions I learned in class. So I often make a lot of
mistakes in multiple choices and can't understand the articles fully because of
my poor vocabulary. What's worse, I have trouble in listening to English. I
totally can't understand what those people are talking in English. What should I
do? You are an expert in teaching students English. I hope you can give me some
suggestions to help me solve my problem. Looking forward to your reply.


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