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2019年成人高等学校专升本招生英语全国统一考试 (教育类)

文章来源: 云南成考网 发布时间: 2021-06-17 09:34

2019年成人高等学校专升本招生全国统一考试

英 语

本试卷分第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)两部分。满分

150分。考试时间150分钟。

第Ⅰ卷(选择题,共125分)

I.Phonetics(5points)

Directions:Ineachofthefollowinggroupsofwords,

therearefourunderlinedlettersorlettercombinations

markedA,B,CandD.Comparetheunderlinedpartsand

identifytheonethatisdifferentfromtheothersin

pronunciation.Markyouranswerbyblackeningthe

correspondingletterontheAnswerSheet.

1.A.land

B.lamb

C.fatherD.ladder

2.A.challengeB.cheap  C.chooseD.character

3.A.sweat

4.A.rescue

5.A.action

B.pleaseC.beat

B.leagueC.pursueD.argue

B.sectionC.solutionD.question

D.meat

I.VocabularyandStructure(15points)

Directions:Thereare15incompletesentencesinthis

section.ForeachsentencetherearefourchoicesmarkedA,

B,CandD.Chooseoneanswerthatbestcompletesthe

sentenceandblackenthecorrespondingletterontheAnswer

Sheet.

6.There

handletheworkallbymyself.

A.Be B.being  C.tobe

7.Marytookapart-timejoblastsummer,butherparents

noonetohelpmeatthismoment,Ineedto

D.been

wereunhappyabout

A.These B.which

shedid.

C.that D.what

8.Ididnotdowellonthewritingexam,forthetopieto

writeonwasunfamiliar________me.

A.To B.for

C.with

D.about

9.Icanhardlydistinguishthetwogirls,sincetheylook

quite________

A.Like

B.unlike

C.alike

D.likely

10.You'dbetterspeakloudlyatthemeeting_____everyone

canhearyou.

A.exceptthat

C.inthat

B.suchthat

D.sothat

11.Peterwould____stayathomewatchingTVthango

shoppingwithhismom.

A.RatherB.quiteC.betterD.still

12.Bythetimeyoureturnintwoyears,yourhometown

will____anewlook.

A.havetakenon

B.takeon

C.havebeentakenon D.betakenon

13.Pleasemakesurethatyournameisenteredin

the____spacewhenyoufilloutthisform.

A.vacant

B.bare

C.blank

D.empty

14.Readingaloudeverydaycanbeoneofthemost____ways

toimproveyourspokenEnglish.

A.evident

B.effective

C.favorite

D.favorable

15.IfPeterhadtoldhisteacherabouthisdifficultyin

mathhomework,she____himbeforetheexam.

A.helps

C.wouldhavehelped

B.willhelp

D.wouldhelp

16.____allthedifficulties,theresearchercontinuedher

research.

A.Incaseof

C.Becauseof

B.Inspiteof

D.Insteadof

17.Theorganizersoftheconferencehavearrangedhotel

roomsforthosestudents____fromoutoftown.

A.tocomeB.come  C.coming D.tohavecome

18.Thejobapplicantwasworriedabouttheinterview____

hewaswellprepared.

A.if B.because C.whenD.though

19.Itwassuggestedthatthishardworkinggirl____an

exampleforotherstudents.

A.beset B.willbesetC.couldbesetD.hadbeenset

20.Sincecomputerswereintroduced,they____tobeuseful

toolsforpeopleweakinmath.

A.hadproved

C.willprove

B.haveproved

D.areproving

Ⅲ.Cloze(30points)

Directions:Foreachblankinthefllowingpassage,

therearefourchoicesmarkedA,B,CtheD.Choosetheone

thatismostsuitableandmarkyouranswerbyblackening

thecorrespondingletterontheAnswerSheet.

Inouronlinelife,weneedtousepasswordsfrequently.

Weusepasswords

21

e-mail,gamingsites,social

networkingsites,andothershoppingsites.______22____,

thepasswordsmostpeopleusearenotvery_____23_____and

caneasilybe“"broken"byothers.Infact,themost

comonlyusedpasswordsaresosimplethatitrequiresvery

24

efforttofigurethemout.Canyouguess

mostcommonlyusedpasswordsare?Theyare:Namesof

baseballteams,bithdatesofafarmily   ,theyear

ofaspecialsportsevent,therandomnumberslike156468,

thenameofafriend,pet,favoriteTVstar,orband.

Thereareprograrms   tobreakintopeople'sonline

accounts.Theseprogramsare   oftryingeveryword

intheEnglishdictionaryandthedictionaries

25

the

26

27

28

29

30

manyforeignlanguages,intheirefforttobreakintoan

account._____31_____canevensearchwordsbackward.Some

willtry____32______wordsorwordsthatarefollowedby

numbers,_____33_____school222.Theseprogramscantest

millionsofpasswordsinafewminutes.So,youareadvised

tobecarefulabout_____34_____passwordssothattheywill

behardtobreak.Youarealsoadvisednottomakethem

______35____hardtoremember.Meanwhile,youneedtochange

themonceinawhile.

21.A.to

B.with

C.by

D.for

22.A.However

23.A.natural

24.A.minor

25.A.what

B.ThereforeC.MoreoverD.Besides

B.safe

B.small

B.who

C.strange D.clear

C.lttle

C.where

D.tiny

D.which

26.A.figure

B.member

C.creatureD.character

27.A.ascloseasB.asgoodasC.asdearasD.aswellas

28.A.formed

29.A.typical

30.A.from

B.shaped

B.capable

B.with

B.It

C.composedD.designed

C.sure

C.of

D.true

D.for

31.A.They

C.That

D.Those

32.A.added

33.A.suchas

34.A.locating

35.A.rather

B.gathered C.combinedD.collected

B.exceptforC.asfor  D.asof

B.searchingC.choosingD.tracking

B.too  C.far  D.enough

IV.ReadingComprehension(60points)

Directions:Therearefivereadingpassagesinthis

part.Eachpassageisfllowedbyfourquestions.

ForeachquestiontherearefoursuggestedanswersmarkedA,

B,CandD.Chooseonebestanswerandblackenthe

correspondingletterontheAnswerSheet.

PassageOne

Soundsleepoccurswhenonesintermalclockis

regulated.Cireadianrhythms(生理节奏)canbecome

compromisedquiteeasily.Manypeoplewithsleeptroubles

tendtovarybedtimes.Toavoidthiscommonproblem,sleep

sufferersshoudgotobedandwakeupatthesametime

everyday.Tohelpimprovecrcadianrhythms,sufferers

shouldenjoy15minutesofsunexposurethefirstthingin

themorming.

Abedtimeroutinecanhelppreventinsmnia(失眠).One

hourbeforebetime,oneshoudlowerthelightsandrelax.

Readingabookorlisteningtocalmmusiccanhelpprepare

thebodyforanight'sseep.Takingawarm,candlelitbath

ordrinkingacupofwarmmilkcanalsohelpyouprepare

fordeepsleepatnight.

Stresscanhaveabadefeetonthebodyandtheability

toseep.Adailyexerciseroutinecanhelplowerthebody'

sstressnaturally.Onecanalsomanagestresbywriting

diaris.Writingdiariescanhelppeopleexpresstheir

anxieties,planforthefutureandimprovesleep.Other

waystolowerstressincludedeepbreathingexercisesand

progressivemusclerelaxation.

Thelightsendingoutfromcomputers,cellphones,

tabletsandtelevisionscancausesleepproblems.Therefore,

theseitemsshouldbeturnedoffatleastanhourbefore

bedtime.Additinally,loweringthebacklightonthese

electronicdevicesearlierintheeveningcanhelpyoufall

asleepfasterandstayasleeplongeroncebedtimearrives.

Aperfectbedroominvitessweetsleep.Mostpeople

sleepbetterinacool,dark,andquietroom.Lowerthe

temperatureintheroomto16~20degreesforapeaceful

night'ssleep.Adarkroomcanbeaccomplishedbyinstalling

lightblockingcurtainsorwearingasleepmask.Noisecan

bereducedwitheitherearplugsorawhitenoisemachine.

Finally,acomfortablemattress(床垫)andpillowsare

essentialtoagoodnight'ssleep.

36.Whatisthepassgemainlyabout?

A.Howtogetasoundsleep.

B.Howtolowerbodystress

C.Howtoregulateintemalclocks.

D.Howtomanageanxieties.

37.AccordingtoParagraph2,whichofthefollowingmay

leadtoinsomnia?

A.Readingabookforrelaxationbeforebedtime.

B.Loweringlightsonehourbeforebedtime.

C.Drinkingsomewarmmilkbeforebedtime.

D.Listeningtorockmusicbeforebedtime.

38.Whatcanbedonetoreducestress?

A.Doingexerciseeveryday

B.Makingplansforthefuture.

C.Writingaboutyoursleeppatterns.

D.Learningtoholdyourbreath.

39.Whatistheperfectconditionforsleep?

A.Aquietroomwithflashinglights.

B.Abrightroomwithwhitecurtains.

C.Acoolroomwithcomfortablepillows.

D.Adarkroomwithelectronicdevices.

PassageTwo

Tomwasagedfourbuthewastalkinglikeatwo-year-

oldbaby.Hewassayingsuchthingsas“kickball"and

“wantcar”,andusinglotsofone-wordsentences.He

shouldhavebeensayingsomereallylongsentencesand

tellingstorieswiththem.Hewasn't.Somethinghadgone

trriblywrong.

Quiteafewchildrenhavewhatiscalleda“language

delay".Forsomereasontheydon'tlearntospeakas

quicklyastheyshould.Theirfriendsshootaheadand

they’releftbehind.Asaresult,theygetverylonely.

Nobodywantstotalktoyouifyoucan'ttalkback.

Cananythingbedonetohelpthesechildren?Yes.They

cangotoseeaspeechtherapist--apersonwho'sspecially

trainedtoworkoutwhat'swrongandwhoknowshowto

teachlanguagetochildren.ThisiswhathappenedtoTom.

Thespeehtherpistplayedsomegameswithhimandheardhow

hetalked.Shemadearecordingofhisspeech,andchatted

tohismomanddadabouthisbackground.They’dtakenTom

toseeadoctor,butthedoctorhadn’tfoundanythingwrong

withhim.Heseemedperetlynormalineveryway-excepthe

justwasntalking.

AferTomandhisparentshadgonehome,thetherapist

listenedcarefullytotherecordingshe'dmade.Thenshe

lookedatachartwhichshowedhowlanguagedevelopedin

childrenagedtwo,three,andfour.ShecouldseeTomwasa

longwaybehind.

Thenextstep,shedeided,wastoteachTomhowtosay

somenewsentenceslike”kickaredball,”and”theclown

iskickingaball.”Tomdidn’tgetthenewsentencesright

straightaway.Buttherapistwasverypatient,andaftera

fewmorevisithestartedtomakeprogress.

40.Howdidtheauthorintroducethetopicofthispassage?

A.Bydescribinggrammarerrorsmadebykids.

B.Bysharingexperiencesofspeechtherapists.

C.ByusingTom'scaseasanexample.

D.Bystatinghispersonalviewstoreaders.

41.Whatcanbeinferedfromthepassageabout“language

delay?

A.Itcanbepreventedbydoctors.

B.Itisseldomfoundamongchildren.

C.Itcanbeimprovedwithcertainhelp.

D.Itmayresultfromhearingproblems.

42.WhatdidthespeechtherapistdotohelpTom?

A.ShetoldothersthatTomwasnormalineveryway.

B.SheaskedTomtoplaywithsomeotherchildren.

C.Shemadesomerecordingsofhisparents'speech.

D.ShetaughtTomnewsentencesinapatientway.

43.Whatisthebesttitleforthepassage?

A.WhatCanDoctorsDowithLanguageDelay?

B.WhatCanBeDoneaboutKidswithLanguageDelay?

C.HowCanLanguageDelayBeEasilyDetected?

D.HowCanParentsPreventKidsfromLanguageDelay?

PassageThree

OnadryandcoldFridayafenoonlastOctober,Sharon

Selineexchangedtextmessageswithherdaugherwhowasin

college.They“chatted”backandforh,withthemomasking

howthingsweregoingandthedaugheransweringpsitively

flowedbyenotions(表情符)showingsmils,b-i-gsmilesand

hearts.

Laterthatnight,herdaughterattemptedsuicide.

Inthedaysthatfollowed,itcametolightthatshe'd

hiddenherselfinherdorm,cryingandshowingsignsof

depression-acompletely differentrealityfromtheone

thatsheconveyedintextandFacebookposts.

Ashumanbeings,ouronlyrealmethodofconnectionis

throughrealcommunication.Studiesshowthatonly7%of

communicationisbasedonwritingandspraking.Themajority

of93%isbasedonbodylanguage.Indeed,it’sonlywhenwe

canheardatoneofvoiceorlookintosomeone’seyesthat

we’reabletoknowwhen“I'mfine"doesn'tmeanthey're

fineall.

Thisiswheresocialmediagetsrisky.

Withmodemtechnology,anyonecanhidebeindthe

text,thee-mail,ortheFacebookpost,projectinganyimage

theywantandcreatingafalseimageoftheirchoosing.They

canbewhoevertheywanttobe.Andwithouttheabilityto

receivebodylanguage,theiraudiencesarenonethewiser.

Thispresentsaparadoxwhichdoesn’texist

before.Withallthepowersocialtechnologiesatour

fingertips,wearemoreconnected-andpotentiallymore

disconnected-thaneverbetore.

Everyrelevantmetric(衡量标准)showsthatweare

interactingatagreatspeedandfrequencythroughsocial

media.Butarewereallycommunicating?With93%ofour

communicationcontext(语境)lost,wearenowattemptingto

establishrelationshipsandmakedecisionsbasedonphrases

oremoticons,whichmayormaynotaccuratelyrepresentthe

truth.

44.Whydoessocialmediagetriskyaccordingtotheauthor?

A.Theusers’socialconnectionislost.

B.Theusers’messagesmaybeignored.

C.Theusers'realemotionmaybehidden.

D.Theusers'voicescanhardybeheard.

45.Whatphenomenondoestheunderlinedword“paradox"

(Paragraph7)reflect?

A.Peoplecanbebothhappyandunhappy.

B.Peoplecanbebothconnectedanddisconneted.

C.Peoplecanendupbeingbothwiseandstupid.

D.Peoplecanformbothtrueandfalseimpressions.

46.Whatistrueabouttoday'scommunicationthrough

socialmedia?

A.Itcausesmorehealthrisks.

B.Itgiveslitlecommunicationcontext.

C.Itleadstobetterrelationships.

D.Itimprovesthequalityofinteraction.

47.Whatisthebesttitleforthepassage?

A.SocialMediaandItsFunction

B.SocialMediaandItsAbuses

C.SocialMediaandItsFuture

D.SocialMediaandItsRisks

PassageFour

AlanLakein,atimemanagementexpert,thinksthat

nothingisatotalwasteoftime,includingdoingnothing

attimes.Ifyouarrangethingssothatyoufindtimeto

relaxand“donothing",youwillgetmoredoneandhave

morefundoingit.

Oneofhisclients,aspaceengineer,didn'tknowhow

to“donothing”.Everyminuteofhisleisuretimewas

scheduledwithintenseactivities.Hehadanoutdoor-

activitesscheduleinwhichheswitchedfromskiingto

tennis.Hisgirlfriendkeptupwithhimintheseactivities,

althoughshewouldhavepreferredjusttositbythefire

andrelaxonceinawhile.Liketoomanypeople,hefelt

theneedtobedoingsomethingallthetime,fordoing

nothingseemedawasteoftime.His“relaxingbythefire"

consistedofplayingchess,readingmagazines,orchecking

emails.

Foranexperiment,Alanaskedhimto"waste"histime

forfiveminutesduringoneoftheirsessionstogether.

Whattheengineerendedupdoingwasrelaxing,stting

quietlyanddaydreaming.Whenhewasfinallyabletoadmit

thatemotionalreasonscausedhimtorejectrelaxingas

wasteoftime,hebegantolookmorecriticallyatthatway

ofthinking.Onceheknewthatrelaxingwasagooduseof

time,hebecamelessseriousaboutbeingbusyandstarted

enjoyingeachactivitymore.Previouslyhehadbeensobusy

doingthathehadnotimetohavefunatanything.Hebegan

todolessandhavemorefun.WhenAlansawtheclient

aboutthreeyearslater,hestillhadasbusyascheduleas

ever,buthewasabletobalancehisactivitywithrelaxing

sothathecamebacktoworkMondaymorningnotfeeling

tiredoutfromabusyweekendbutrefreshed.

48.Whatdid“doingnothing"meantothespaceengineerat

first?

A.Outdooractivities.

B.Awasteoftime.

C.Fewdailyschedules.

D.Morefamilyhours.

49.Whatmadetheengineerrejectrelaxing?

A.Socialreasons.

B.Familyreasons.

C.Emotionalreasons.

D.Physicalreasons.

50.Whathappenedaftertheengineerlearmed“doing

nothing?

A.Hewasnotasbusyasbefore.

B.Hebegantoenjoyeachactivitymore.

C.Hestartedtodomoreofeverything.

D.Hedidnothaveasmuchfunasbefore.

51.Whatcanbeifereredfromthepassageabout“doing

nothing"?

A.Itmakespeopleenjoymoreindooractivities.

B.Itenablesyoutohavemoreworktime.

C.Itservestoimprovefamilyrelationship.

D.Ithelpsyoudothingsmoreefficiently.

PassageFive

Socratesisoftenreferredtoasoneofthefoundersof

Westermphilosophy,andyethewrotenothing,estabishedno

school,andheldnoparticulartheoriesofhisown.Whathe

diddo,however,wasfrequentlyaskthequestionsthat

interestedhim,andindoingsodevelopedanewwayof

thinking.Thismethodproceeds(展开)asadialoguebetween

opposingviews,anditearmedhimmanyenemiesinAthens,

wherehelived.

Asayoungman,Socratesisbelievedtohavestudied

naturalphilosophy,lookingatthevariousexplanationsof

thenatureoftheuniverse,butthenbecameinvolvedinthe

politicsofthecity-stateandconcernedwithmoredown-to-

earthmoralissues,suchasthenatureofjustice.

However,hewasnotinterestedinwinningarguments,or

arguingforthesakeofmakingmoney.Norwasheseeking

answersorexplanations.Hewassimplyexaminingthebasis

oftheconceptsweapplytoourselves(suchas“good",

“bad”,and“just"),forhebelievedthatunderstanding

whatweareisthefirsttaskofphilosophy.

Hewassentencedtodeathonchargesofcorruptingthe

youngwithbadideas.Buthealsohadmanyfollowers,and

amongthemwasPlato,whorecordedSocrates’ideasinthe

writtenworks,calleddialogues,inwhichSocratessets

aboutexaminingvariousideas.

Socrates’centralconcerm,then,wastheexamination

oflife,anditwashiscruelquestioningofpeople'smost

valuedbeliefs(largelyaboutthemselves)thatearnedhim

hisenemies-butheremainedcommittedtohistaskuntil

theveryend.Accordingtotheaccountofhisdefenseat

histrial,Socrateschosedeathratherthanfacealifeof

ignorance:“Thelifewhichisunexaminedisnotworth

living”.

52.WhatistrueaboutSocrates?

A.SocratessolvedtheproblemsofWestermphilosophy.

B.Socratestriedtofindanswerstohisquestions.

C.Socratesforcedhisenemiestoaccepthisideas.

D.Socratescaredaboutthemeaningoflife.

53.Whatisthemostimportanttaskofphilosophyaccording

toSocrates?

A.Understandingourtrueself.

B.Examiningsomebasicconcepts.

C.Challengingtheviewsofenemies.

D.Givingexplanationsforarguments.

54.Whatisthepassagemainlyabout?

A.Socrates’beliefsofphilosophy.

B.Socrates’outlookondeath,

C.Socrates’influenceonyouths.

D.Socrates'questionsaboutuniverse.

55.Whatisthetoneofthepassage?

A.Humorous.B.Bitter.C.Sympathetic.D.Objective.

V.DailyConversation(15points)

Directions:Pickoutappropriateexpressionsfromthe

eigtchoicesbelowandcompletethefollowingdialoguesby

blackeningthecorrespondingletterontheAnswerSheet.

A.Soundsgreat!

B.Thisisourfrsttriphere.

C.Whenshallwesetoff?

D.Couldyourecommendsomeplacesforus?

E.Youarewelcome.

F.WhatcouldIget?

G.Havegreatfun.

H.Isthereanyhinginterestingthere?

Receptionist:Goodmomning!

Mr.Smith:Goodmorming!Todaywearefreeforsightseeing.

_____56___Receptionist:Okay.Haveyoueverbeenhere

before?

Mr.Smith:No.____57____Receptionist:Then,Isuggestthat

youvisittheAncientCulturalStreet.

Mr.Smith:_____58___

Receptionist:Yes.Thearchitectureiswonderful.Itrepresents

thefolkstyleoftheQingDynasty.

Mr.Smith:___59_____Thankyouverymuch.

Receptionist:_____60___Haveagoodtime!

第Ⅱ卷(非选择题,共25分)

VI.Writing(25points)

Directions:Forthispart,youaresupposedtowriteane-

mailinabout100-120wordsbasedon

thefollowingsituation.Remembertowriteitclearly.

61.新学期伊始,你们班准备组织-场迎新晚会,让同学们熟悉起

来。你(LiYuan)打算邀请外教

(Tim)来参加迎新晚会。请给他写-封e-mail,内容包括:

(1)邀请他参加迎新晚会;

(2)介绍迎新晚会的一些活动安排;

(3)希望他能够做个简短发言;

(4)期待他的到来。

2019年成人高等学校专升本招生全国统一考试


英语试题答案与解析

1.【答案】C

【解析】A项的读音为æ,B项的读音为æ,C项的读音为ɑ:,D项的

读音为æ,故C项与其他三项不同。

2.【答案】D

【解析】A项的读音为tʃ,B项的读音为tʃ,C项的读音为tʃ ,D项

的读音为k,故D项与其他三项不同。

3.【答案】A

【解析】A项的读音为e,B项的读音为i:,C项的读音为i:,D项

的读音为i:,故A项与其他三项不同。

4.【答案】B

【解析】A项的读音为ju:,B项的读音不发音,C项的读音为

ju:,D项的读音为ju:,故B项与其他三项不同。

5.【答案】D

【解析】A项的读音为ʃn,B项的读音为ʃn,C项的读音为ʃ n,D项的

读音为tʃə n,故D项与其他三项不同。

6.【答案】B

【解析】句意:现在没有人能够帮我,我需要独立完成这项工作。

后半句是一个完整的句子,不缺少成分,“therebeing+名词”在

这里是独立主格结构,充当状语,故选B。

7.【答案】D

【解析】句意:玛丽上个暑假做了一份兼职,但她的父母对她所做

的事情感到不快。分析句子可知,空格处缺少一个连接词来引导宾

语从句。these不能引导宾语从句,that不可放在介词后面作引导

词,再根据句意可知,这里表示“干了什么”,所以用what,故选

D。

8.【答案】A

【解析】句意:我在写作考试中没考好,因为写作主题不是我熟悉

的。Beunfamiliartosb.为固定短语,意为“对…..来说不熟

悉”,故选A。

9.【答案】C

【解析】句意:我很难分清这两个女孩,因为她们长得非常相像。

lookalike意为“看起来相像”,故选C。

10.【答案】D

【解析】句意:在会议上你最好讲大声点,以便每个人都可以听到

你的声音。exceptthat意为“除了…以外”,suchthat意为“使

得,结果是”,inthat意为“因为”,sothat意为“以便于,为

了”,故选D。

11.【答案】A

【解析】句意:皮特宁愿待在家看电视也不愿和他妈妈一起去购

物。wouldratherdosth.thandosth.为固定搭配,意为“宁愿

做……而不愿做……”,故选A

 

12.【答案】A

【解析】句意:等到两年后你回来,你的家乡会呈现一种新的风

貌。bythetime引导状语从句时,从句如果用一般现在时来表示

将来的动作,主句用将来完成时,且这里是主动语态,故选A。

13.【答案】C

【解析】句意:当你填写这张表格时,请确保你的名字填在空白

区。vacant意为“空虚的”,bare意为“赤裸的,空的”,blank

意为“空白的”,empty意为“空的”。blankspace意为“空白

区”,故选C。

14.【答案】B

【解析】句意:每天大声朗读是提升英语口语最有效的方法之一。

evident意为“显然的”,effective意为“有效的”,favorite

意为“最喜欢的”,favorable意为“有利的”。结合句意,故选

B。

15.【答案】C

【解析】句意:如果皮特过去告诉他的老师他在数学作业方面的困

难,她一定会在考试前帮助他。这是对过去的虚拟,从句用“if+主

语+haddone”形式,主句用“主语+wouldhavedone”的形式,故

选C。

16.【答案】B

【解析】句意:尽管困难重重,研究员仍继续她的研究。in case

of意为“万一”,inspiteof意为“尽管”,becauseof意为

“因为”,insteadof意为“代替”。结合句意,故选B。

17.【答案】C

【解析】句意:会议组织人员已经为从外乡来的学生安排了酒店住

房。分析句子可知,句子不缺少成分,空格后的内容作定语,修饰

students,又因为students和come之间为主动关系,所以用现在

分词,故选C。

18.【答案】D

【解析】句意:尽管求职者准备得很充分,但他还是对面试感到担

心。if意为“如果”,because意为“因为”,when意为“当…时

候”,though意为“尽管”。结合句意,故选D。

19.【答案】A

【解析】句意:有人建议,这个勤奋的女孩应该被树立成其他学生

的榜样。suggest意为“建议”,其后的宾从句用虚拟语气,即

“主语+should+动词原形”的形式,且should可以省略,故选A。

20.【答案】B

【解析】句意:自电脑问世以后,它们已被证明对数学薄弱的人们

来说是有用的工具。since引导的从句中的动词为一般过去时,主

句用现在完成时,故选B。

21.【答案】D

【解析】空格处的句子所要表达的意思是“将密码用于邮箱、游戏

网站等”,use...for意为“用于”,故选D。

22.【答案】A

【解析】前一句讲到人们将密码用于很多地方,后面讲到密码很容

易被他人破解,前后为转折关系,故选A

23.【答案】B

【解析】空格后讲到密码很容易被他人破解,所以很多人使用的密

码是不安全的,故选B。

24.【答案】C

【解析】本句句意为:事实上,大多数人使用的密码非常简单,几

乎不需要花费什么力气就可以弄清楚。minor意为“次要的,较小

的”,small意为“小的”,little意为“很少的”,tiny意为

“微小的”,verylittleeffort意为“很少的努力,几乎不花费

力气”,故选C。

25.【答案】A

【解析】分析句子可知,空格处引导的是一个宾语从句,空格处缺

少引导宾语从句的连接词,且在句子中作主语,结合句意可知,这

里问的是“最常使用的密码是什么”,故选A。

26.【答案】B

【解析】根据上下文可知,这里指的是“家庭成员的出生日期”。f

gure意为“人物”,member意为“成员”,creature意为“生

物”,character意为“性格”,故选B。

27.【答案】D

【解析】根据上下文可知,这里指的是“还有朋友、宠物、电影明

星等的名宇”。aswellas意为“还有”,符合题意,故选D。

28.【答案】D

【解析】本句句意为:设计的这些程序可以侵入他人的在线账户。

formed意为“形成”,shaped意为“塑造”,composed意为“组

成”,designed意为“设计”,故选D。

29.【答案】B

【解析】本句句意为:这些程序能够把英语词典中的每个词都试一

下。becapableof意为“能够”,故选B。

30.【答案】C

【解析】本句句意为:这些程序能够把英语词典和许多其他外语词

兴中的每个词都试一下。of表所属,意为“......的”,故选C。

31.【答案】A

【解析】本句句意为:它们甚至可以反向搜索单词。分析句子可

知,这里的主语指的是“programs”,所以应用they,故选A。

32.【答案】C

【解析】本句句意为:有些人会尝试组合单词或数宇后紧跟单词。

added意为“增加的”,gathered意为“聚集的”,combined意为

“组合的”,collected意为“收集的”。结合句意,故选C。

33.【答案】A

【解析】空格后是对前面内容的举例说明,such as意为“例

如”,故选A。

34.【答案】C

【解析】本句句意为:你应该谨慎设置密码。choosepasswords

意为“设置密码”,故选C。

35.【答案】B

【解析】本句句意为:你也不能把密码设置得太难,以免忘记。

too...to...意为“太……以至于不能……”,故选B。

36.【答案】A

【解析】整篇文章讲的是应对失眠、减少压力的办法及如何营造好

的睡眠环境,目的都是拥有一个好的睡眠,故选A。

37.【答案】D

【解析】文章第二段提到,一些睡前习惯可以防止失眠,比如睡前

1小时降低灯的亮度,读一小会儿书或者听一些安静的音乐,也可

以睡前喝一杯温牛奶,故选D。

38.【答案】A

【解析】文章第三段第二句提到,日常锻炼可以减少身体的压力,

故选A。

39.【答案】C

【解析】文章最后一段提到,一个完美的卧室有利于睡眠,比如凉

爽、黑暗、安静的卧室,安装遮光窗帘,戴眼罩、耳塞或白色噪音

机,用舒适的床垫和枕头,故选C。

40.【答案】C

【解析】文章第一段讲述了汤姆的故事,以此引出了儿童语言迟缓

的现象,然后作为话题中心展开叙述,故选C

41.【答案】C

【解析】文章第二段提到,相当多的孩子都出现了语言迟缓的现

象,故排除B项。D项原文未提及,故排除。从第三、四、五段可

知,医生无法治疗儿童语言迟缓,但是言语治疗师可以给这些儿童

提供帮助,缓解这种症状,A项错误,故选C。

42.【答案】D

【解析】文章第五段提到,言语治疗师决定教汤姆如何说新句子,

经过她的耐心坚持,汤姆取得了进步,故选D

43.【答案】B

【应试指导文章开头通过汤姆的故事,提出相当多的儿童都表现出

了语言迟缓的症状,然后讲到为缓解这种症状,可以去看言语治疗

师,接下来讲言语治疗师为缓解这个症状所做的努力,所以整篇文

章国绕的中心就是“对于语言迟缓的孩子,我们能做些什么”,故

选B。

44.【答案】C

【解析】文章第六段提到,随着现代技术的发展,每个人都可以隐

藏在短信、邮件等后面,只发他们想要让别人看到的内容,隐藏自

己的真实情感,这样的社交媒介会造成极大的风险,故选C。

45.【答案】B

【解析】文章第七段提到,社会科技力量越强大,人们联系越紧

密,同时,潜在的联系可能会更少,所以这里的悖论指的就是联系

和不联系共存,故选B。

46.【答案】B

【解析】文章第八段提到,在人们用现代科技手段进行交流时,实

际上93%的真实语境已经消失了,所以线上交流给人们提供的语境

很少,故选B。

47.【答案】D

【解析】文章主要讲了随着社交媒体技术不断进步,人们交流看似

紧密,但是获得的真实信息减少了很多,整篇都围绕着社交媒体以

及社交媒体所带来的风险展开,故选D。

48.【答案】B

【解析】文章第二段倒数第二句提到,这位航天工程师和其他人一

样,觉得有必要一直做点什么,因为他认为什么都不干似乎就是浪

费时间,故选B。

49.【答案】C

【解析】文章第三段第三句提到,这位航天工程师最后承认,情感

因素导致了他拒绝放松,故选C。

50.【答案】B

【解析】文章第三段第四句提到,航天工程师真正明白了“doing

nothing”的含义,认为放松是对时间的很好利用,他开始不再让自

己那么忙,享受每一项活动,故选B。

51.【答案】D

【解析】从文章最后一段可知,三年后,航天工程师仍有忙碌的工

作安排,但他学会了平衡工作时间与放松时间,星期一上班也不再

无精打采,工作效率提高了,由此可知,“doingnothing”可以帮

助人们提高做事的效率,故选D。

52.【答案】D

【解析】文章最后一段第一句提到,苏格拉底关注的焦点是对生命

的探查,即苏格拉底关注生命的真正意义,故选D。

53.【答案】A

【解析】文章第三段最后一句提到,苏格拉底认为,理解我们到底

是什么是哲学的第一个任务,故选A。

54.【答案】A

【解析】文章开头提到苏格拉底没有自己的哲学理论,接着介绍了

他主要关注的是什么,因此文章主要讲了苏格拉底的哲学观点,故

选A.

55.【答案】D

【解析】这篇文章是一篇说明文,对苏格拉底哲学思想进行了叙

述,客观公正,故选D。

56.【答案】D

57.【答案】B

58.【答案】H

59.【答案】A

60.【答案】E

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