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2021专升本《英语》交际用语(文史类)

文章来源: 云南成考网 发布时间: 2021-06-18 11:44

  2021专升本《英语》交际用语

  内部资料,切勿外传!

  日常交际用语

  1.问候

  (1)A:Hello/Hi

  B:Hello/Hi

  (2)A:Hello.Howareyou?

  B:Fine,thankyou.Andyou?

  A:Verywell,thankyou.

  (3)A:Goodmorning/afternoon/evening

  B:Goodmorning/afternoon/evening

  (4)Pleasesayhellotoyourparents.

  Pleasegivemybestwishestoyourparents.

  2.告别

  (1)告别前,客方表示要离开的常用语:

  IamafraidImustbegoingnow.

  IamafraidImustgonow.

  Ithinkit’stimeformetoleavenow.

  Ithinkit’stimeforustogonow.(2)

  双方相互道别时的常用短语:

  Goodbye!

  Seeyoulater!

  Seeyou!

  3.感谢和应答

  (1)感谢某人:

  Thankyou./Thanksalot./Thankyouverymuch

  Thankyouforyourhelp.

  It’sverykind/niceofyou.

  Thankyouallthesame.

  (2)回答感谢时的答语

  It’sapleasure./Withmypleasure

  That’sOK./That’sallright.

  You’rewelcome.

  Notatall.

  4.邀请和应答

  (1)表示邀请的用语:

  Willyoucometomyparty?

  Wouldyouliketogoforawalk?

  MayIinviteyoutodinner?

  How/Whataboutgoingforawalk?

  (2)接受邀请时的答语:

  Yes,I’dlove/liketo.

  Yes.It’sverykindofyou.

  Thatwouldbenice.

  5.请求和应答

  A:MayI…?/Can/CouldI…?

  B:(肯定回答)Sure/Certainly.Yes,doplease.

  (否定回答)I’mafraidnot.I’msorry,butyoumustn’t.

  6.祝愿、祝贺和应答

  (1)祝贺用语:

  Haveagoodday/time!

  Goodluck.Enjoyyourself!Bestwishestoyou!

  HappyNEWYear!MerryChristmas!Welldone!

  Congratulations!

  (2)表示感谢的答语

  Thankyou.

  Thesametoyou.

  7.提供帮助和应答

  (1)提供帮助

  CanIhelpyou?

  Wouldyoulikemetohelpyou?

  (2)肯定回答:

  Yes,please.

  Thankyouforyourhelp.

  否定回答:

  No,thanks./That’sveryniceofyou,butIcan’tmanage

  itmyself.

  8.约会

  (1)约会前询问对方有无空闲时间:

  Areyoufreethismorning/afternoon/evening?

  Yes,I’llbefreethen.

  或:No,Iwon’tbefreethen.ButIwillbefreetomorrow.

  (2)提出约会时间、地点以征求对方意见的用语:

  Howabouttomorrowmorning?

  Shallwemeetat3:00attheschoolgate?

  Yes,that’sallright./ALLright,seeyouthen.

  9.就餐

  (1)主人常用语

  Whatwouldyouliketohave?

  Wouldyoulikesomethingtodrink?

  Helpyourselftosomechicken.

  Wouldyoulikesomemorerice?

  (2)客人常用语

  Yes,I’dlikeadrink.I’dlikericeandchicken.

  Justalittle,please.CanIhavesomemoresoup?

  It’ssodelicious.Thankyou.

  No.Thankyou.I’vehadenough.

  I’mfull,thankyou.

  10.谈论天气

  (1)询问天气情况:

  What’stheweatherliketodatay?

  HowistheweatherinBeijing?(2)

  陈述天气情况:

  Whatacold/hotdaytoday!

  It’sanicedaytoday.

  It’ssunny/cloudy/windy/rainy.

  It’sgettingcold/warm/hot.

  11.看病

  (1)医生诊断常用语

  What’sthematter?

  What’swrongwithyou?

  Doyouhaveafever?

  Howlonghaveyoubeenfeelinglikethis?

  It’snothingserious.You’llbeallrightsoon.

  Takethismadecinethreetimesaday.

  (1)病人叙述病情常用语

  Ifeelterrible/bad.

  Idon’tfeelwell.

  I’vegotacold/headache

  Thereissomethingwrongwithmyeyes.

  12.购物

  (1)售货员常用语

  CanIhelpyou?

  WhatcanIdoforyou?

  Whatcalour/size/kinddoyoulike?

  (2)顾客常用语

  Iwantapairofshoes

  Howmuchisit?

  MayItryiton

  That’sfine.I’lltakeit.

  13.问路

  (1)问路用语

  Excuseme,whereisthenearestpostoffice?

  Excuseme,canyoutellmethewaytotheshop?

  Excuseme,howcanIgettothenearestshop?(2)

  应答

  Godownthestreetuntilyouseethetallbuilding.

  Tureright/leftatthefirstcrossing/corner.

  YoucantakeNo.5bus

  You’dbettertakeataxi

  14.介绍

  (1)自我介绍:

  1)A:MynameisLinYan.Gladtomeetyou.

  B:Nicetomeetyou.MynameisLiLei.

  2)A:Excuseme.What’syourname,please?

  B:MynameisRobertThomasBrown.

  A:MayIcallyouRobert?

  B:Certainly/Ofcourse.

  (2)介绍他人

  A:ThisisMr.Huang.

  B:Nicetomeetyou.

  A:Gladtomeetyou.

  15.打电话

  (2)打电话常用语

  Hello!MayIspeakto…?

  Isthat…speaking?

  CanIleaveamessage?

  I’llcallbacklater/again.

  (2)接电话的常用语

  Hello!ThisisTomspeaking.Hello!

  Whoisthat?Holdonplease!CanI

  takeamessageforyou?

  Sorry,I’mafraidyouhavethewrongnumber.

  16.道歉

  (1)当要麻烦别人时:

  Excuseme,please!Ibegyourpardon.

  (2)当做错事时:

  Sorry,I’msorryfor…

  (3)回答道歉时的答语:

  Nevermind

  I’msorrythat…

  That’sok./That’sallright

  It’snothing

  Itdoesn’tmatter.

  17.劝告

  You’dbettergotoseethedoctor.

  YoushouldlistentoandreadEnglisheveryday.

  YouneedtobuyaChinese-Englishdictionary.

  18.表扬

  Verygood!Welldone!Wonderful!

  YouspeakEnglishverywell.Yourdressisbeautiful.

  Comeon!Youcandoit!

  19.忧虑

  What’swrong?What’sthematter?

  Whatshouldwedo?

  20.表示遗憾

  I’msosorry.It’sagreatpity.

  Whatapity!That’stoobad.


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