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2021专升本《英语》交际用语(经管类)

文章来源: 云南成考网 发布时间: 2021-06-17 10:43

2021专升本《英语》交际用语

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日常交际用语

1.问候

(1)A:Hello/Hi

B:Hello/Hi

(2)A:Hello.Howareyou?

B:Fine,thankyou.Andyou?

A:Verywell,thankyou.

(3)A:Goodmorning/afternoon/evening

B:Goodmorning/afternoon/evening

(4)Pleasesayhellotoyourparents.

Pleasegivemybestwishestoyourparents.

2.告别

(1)告别前,客方表示要离开的常用语:

IamafraidImustbegoingnow.

IamafraidImustgonow.

Ithinkit’stimeformetoleavenow.

Ithinkit’stimeforustogonow.(2)

双方相互道别时的常用短语:

Goodbye!

Seeyoulater!

Seeyou!

3.感谢和应答

1)感谢某人:

Thankyou./Thanksalot./Thankyouverymuch

Thankyouforyourhelp.

It’sverykind/niceofyou.

Thankyouallthesame.

(2)回答感谢时的答语

It’sapleasure./Withmypleasure

That’sOK./That’sallright.

You’rewelcome.

Notatall.

4.邀请和应答

(1)表示邀请的用语:

Willyoucometomyparty?

Wouldyouliketogoforawalk?

MayIinviteyoutodinner?

How/Whataboutgoingforawalk?

(2)接受邀请时的答语:

Yes,I’dlove/liketo.

Yes.It’sverykindofyou.

Thatwouldbenice.

5.请求和应答

A:MayI...?/Can/CouldI...?

B:(肯定回答)Sure/Certainly.Yes,doplease.

(否定回答)I’mafraidnot.I’msorry,butyoumustn’t.

6.祝愿、祝贺和应答

(1)祝贺用语:

Haveagoodday/time!

Goodluck.Enjoyyourself!Bestwishestoyou!

HappyNEWYear!MerryChristmas!Welldone!

Congratulations!

(2)表示感谢的答语

Thankyou.

Thesametoyou.

7.提供帮助和应答

(1)提供帮助

CanIhelpyou?

Wouldyoulikemetohelpyou?

(2)肯定回答:

Yes,please.

Thankyouforyourhelp.

否定回答:

No,thanks./That’sveryniceofyou,butIcan’tmanage

itmyself.

8.约会

(1)约会前询问对方有无空闲时间:

Areyoufreethismorning/afternoon/evening?

Yes,I’llbefreethen.

或:No,Iwon’tbefreethen.ButIwillbefreetomorrow.

(2)提出约会时间、地点以征求对方意见的用语:

Howabouttomorrowmorning?

Shallwemeetat3:00attheschoolgate?

Yes,that’sallright./ALLright,seeyouthen.

9.就餐

(1)主人常用语

Whatwouldyouliketohave?

Wouldyoulikesomethingtodrink?

Helpyourselftosomechicken.

Wouldyoulikesomemorerice?

(2)客人常用语

Yes,I’dlikeadrink.I’dlikericeandchicken.

Justalittle,please.CanIhavesomemoresoup?

It’ssodelicious.Thankyou.

No.Thankyou.I’vehadenough.

I’mfull,thankyou.

10.谈论天气

(1)询问天气情况:

What’stheweatherliketodatay?

HowistheweatherinBeijing?(2)

陈述天气情况:

Whatacold/hotdaytoday!

It’sanicedaytoday.

It’ssunny/cloudy/windy/rainy.

It’sgettingcold/warm/hot.

11.看病

(1)医生诊断常用语

What’sthematter?

What’swrongwithyou?

Doyouhaveafever?

Howlonghaveyoubeenfeelinglikethis?

It’snothingserious.You’llbeallrightsoon.

Takethismadecinethreetimesaday.

(1)病人叙述病情常用语

Ifeelterrible/bad.

Idon’tfeelwell.

I’vegotacold/headache

Thereissomethingwrongwithmyeyes.

12.购物

(1)售货员常用语

CanIhelpyou?

WhatcanIdoforyou?

Whatcalour/size/kinddoyoulike?

(2)顾客常用语

Iwantapairofshoes

Howmuchisit?

MayItryiton

That’sfine.I’lltakeit.

13.问路

(1)问路用语

Excuseme,whereisthenearestpostoffice?

Excuseme,canyoutellmethewaytotheshop?

Excuseme,howcanIgettothenearestshop?(2)

应答

Godownthestreetuntilyouseethetallbuilding.

Tureright/leftatthefirstcrossing/corner.

YoucantakeNo.5bus

You’dbettertakeataxi

14.介绍

(1)自我介绍:

1AMynameisLinYan.Gladtomeetyou.

B:Nicetomeetyou.MynameisLiLei.

2)

A:Excuseme.What’syourname,please?

B:MynameisRobertThomasBrown.

A:MayIcallyouRobert?

B:Certainly/Ofcourse.

(2)

介绍他人

A:ThisisMr.Huang.

B:Nicetomeetyou.

A:Gladtomeetyou.

15.打电话

(2)打电话常用语

Hello!MayIspeakto...?

Isthat...speaking?

CanIleaveamessage?

I’llcallbacklater/again.

(2)接电话的常用语

Hello!ThisisTomspeaking.Hello!

Whoisthat?Holdonplease!CanI

takeamessageforyou?

Sorry,I’mafraidyouhavethewrongnumber.

16.道歉

(1)当要麻烦别人时:

Excuseme,please!Ibegyourpardon.

(2)当做错事时:

Sorry,I’msorryfor...

(3)回答道歉时的答语:

Nevermind

I’msorrythat...

That’sok./That’sallright

It’snothing

Itdoesn’tmatter.

17.劝告

You’dbettergotoseethedoctor.

YoushouldlistentoandreadEnglisheveryday.

YouneedtobuyaChinese-Englishdictionary.

18.表扬

Verygood!Welldone!Wonderful!

YouspeakEnglishverywell.Yourdressisbeautiful.

Comeon!Youcandoit!

19.忧虑

What’swrong?What’sthematter?

Whatshouldwedo?

20.表示遗憾

I’msosorry.It’sagreatpity.

Whatapity!That’stoobad.

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