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成人高考英语考试备考关键句型

文章来源: 云南成考网 发布时间: 2021-06-16 09:39

成人高考英语考试备考关键句型

  成人高考英语备考关键句型1

  1“It is in(with)…as in(with)”

  It is in life as in a journey.

  2“All+抽象名词抽象名词+itself”(very+形容词)

  He was all gentleness to her.

  3“many as well…as”“might as well …as” “many as well…as”可译为与其……,不如……,更好以这样做……为宜如同……,也可以……”等等。“might as well …as”表示不可能的事,可译为犹如……”可与……一样荒唐与其那样不如这样的好等等。

  One may as well not know a thing at all as know it imperfectly.

  4“as good as…”相等于,就像,几乎如;实际上,其实,实在。

  The merchant as good as promised the orphan boythat he would adopt him.

  5as…as…can(may)be

  It is as plain as plain can be.

  6、利用词汇重复表示强调

  A crime is a crime a crime.

  7、同格名词修饰是指of前后的两个名词都指同一个人或物,“of”以及它前面的名词构成一个形容词短语,以修饰“of”后面的那个名词。如“her old sharper of a father”,可译为:她那骗子般的父亲

  Those pigs of girls eat so much.

  8It作先行主语和先行宾语的一些句型

  She had said what it was necessary to say.

  9“something(much)of”“nothing(little)of” “something of”相当于“to some extent”,表示程度。在疑问句或条件从句中,则为“anything of ”,可译为有点略微等。译为毫无全无much of译为大有not much of可译为算不上称不上little of可译为几乎无something like译为有点像,略似

  They say that he had no university educationbut he seems to be something of a scholar.

  10、强调句型

  It is not who rules us that is importantbut how he rules us.

  成人高考英语考试备考关键句型2

  1“cannot…too…”结构。“cannot…too…”意为“It is impossible to overdo…”或者,即无论怎样……也不算过分“not”可换用“hardly”“scarcely”等,“too”可换用“enough”“sufficient”等。

  You cannot be too careful.

  2“not so…but”“not such a …but”结构,这两个结构和否定+but”的结构差不多,不同之点是这两个结构中的“but”是含有“that…not”意味的连续词,表示程度。可译为还没有……到不能做……的程度并不是…………”无论怎样……也不是不能……”等。

  He is not so sick but he can come to school.

  3“Nothing is more…than”“Nothing is so …as”结构。“Nothing is more…than”“Nothing is so …as”都具有最高级比较的意思,“Nothing is”可换用“no”“nobody”“nowhere”“little”“few”“hardly”“scarcely”等等,可译为没有…………更为……再没有了……”等。

  Nothing is more precious than time.

  4“no more …than…”句型

  A home without love is no more a home than a body without a soul is a man.

  5否定+until (till)”结构,在否定词“no”“not”“never”“little”“few”“seldom”等的后边所接用的“until

  6till”,多数情况下译为直到…………”…………”,把否定译为肯定。

  Nobody knows what he can do till he has tried.

  7“too…+不定式“not(never)too…+不定式“too…not+不定式

  She is too angry to speak.

  8否定+but ”结构在否定词后面的“but”,具有“which not”“who not”“that not”,等等否定意义,构成前后的双重否定。可译成没有……不是“…………”等。

  Nothing is so bad but it might have been worse.

  9“not so much…as”“not so much as …”结构。“not so much…as”=“not so much as …”,其中as有进可换用but rather,可译为:与其说是……毋须说是……”。而“not so much as”=“without(not)even”,可译为甚至……还没有

  The oceans do not so much divide the world as unite it.

  10、备考关键句型(2)

  “to make…of”的译法(使……成为……,把……当作)

  I will make a scientist of my son.

成人高考英语考试备考关键句型3

  1名词+and”结构,在这个结构中,名词等于状语从句,或表示条件,或表示时间。

  A word,and he would lose his temper.

  2疑问词+should…but ”结构,这个结构表示过去的意外的事,意为“none…but”,可译为除了……还有谁会……”岂料想不到……竟是……”等。

  Who should write it but himself?

  3“the last+不定式“the last +定语从词结构,这种结构中的“last”意思是“the least likely”,用于否定性推论。可译为最不大可能的最不合适的,由原意的最后一个……”变成最不可能……的一个

  He is the last man to accept a bride.

  4祈使句+and”祈使句+or”结构,祈使句+and”表示“If…you…”祈使名+or”表示“if…not…you”

  Add love to a house and you have a home. Aad righteousness to a city and you have a community. Aad truth to a pile of red brick and you have a school.

  5“as…so…”结构,这里的“so”的意思是“in the same way”(也是如此)。此结构表明两个概念在程度上和关系上相似。

  As rust eats iron,so care eats the heart.

  6“who knows but (that)…”“who could should…but”结构,这个结构是反问形式,一般意译为多半亦未可知等等,有时也可直译。

  Who knows but(that)he may go?

  7“be it ever(never)so”“let it be ever(never)so”结构,这里,“be it”中的“be”是古英语假设语气的遗留形式,现代英语则使用“let it be”“ever so”“never so”都表示同一意思,都表示“very”

  Be it ever so humble(let it be ever so humble),home is home.

  8“so…that…”句型,这个句型的意思是如此……,以致于……”,但在翻译成汉语时,许多情况下,并不是一定要译成如此……以致于……”,而是变通表达其含义。

  He ran so fast that nobody could catch him up.

  9“more + than+原级形容词(副词)”结构,这是将不同性质加以比较,其中的“more”“rather”的意思。

  It is more than probable that he will fall.

  10“if any”结构,“if any”“if ever”,意思是果真有……”即使有……”,表示加强语气。与此类似的还有:“if anything”(如有不同的话,如果稍有区别)“if a day”(=at least,至少)

  There is little,if any,hope.

成人高考英语考试备考关键句型4

  1“may as well not…as”结构,此结构可译为与其……不如不……”

  One may as well not know a thing at all as know it but imperfectly.

  2“and that”结构,这个“and that”应译为而且……”,表示对它前面陈述部分的语气加强,“that”代表前面的整个陈述部分。

  Return to your work ,and that at once.

  3“not (no) …unless…”句型

  No increase in output can be expected unless a new assembly line is installed.

  4“have only to …do”结构,此结构表示只须()……就能……”的意思。

  We have only to turn to that extraordinary discovery made by Edison to see the significance of it.

  5“Every…not”“All…not”结构,“Every…not”表示不见得每个……都是……”“All…not”表示不见得所有……都是……”的意思。

  Every man is not polite,and all are not born gentlemen.

  6“at once…and”结构,这个结构译为…………”,起相关连接的作用,相当于“both…and…”

  The novel is at once pleasing and instructive.

  7“the name notwithstanding”结构,这个结构中“notwithstanding”是介词,这个介词可以置前,可以置后,比如也可写成:“notwithstanding the name”。起让步状语的作用。

  Some people think of the storage battery as a sort of condenser where electricity is stored.But this is an entirely wrong conception the name notwithstanding.

  8“more than +动词结构,这种结构表示动词的程度,可译为异常岂止十二分地等。

  This more than satisfied me.

  9“in that…”结构,这个结构的意思是在那一点上(方面)”,可译为因为。类似的结构还有“in this…”

  The budget is unrealistic in that it disregards increased costs.

  10“good and …”的副词用法,译为非常等。类似还有“nice and …”“fine and …”“lovely and …”“bright and …”“rare and …”“big and …”等,均表示程度。

  The apples are good and ripe.

成人高考英语考试备考关键句型5

  1、由there引起的句型容易产生复杂的句子结构。

  There have been opened up to the vast and excellent science,in which my work is the beginning,ways and means by which other minds more accurate than wine will explore its remote corners.

  2“better…than…”句型

  Better my life should be ended by their hate,than that hated life should be prolonged to live without your love.

  3“not…any more than…”为:不能……,正如不能……”

  One cannot learn to sketch and express himself graphically only by reading about it any more than one can learn to swim while standing by the pool.

  4、复杂宾补结构

  In recent years,the development of sensitive and accurate measuring equipment has made it possible to measure the acuity of hearing of any individual at different frequencies.

  5“as it were”是一个非常常用的插入语,意思是好象可以说等。

  Apiece of iron near a magnet,though apparently separate from it,feels,as it were,the threads of this attachment.

  6“By that as it may”“Let it be that as it may”的省略形式,是由“be”引起的另外一种假设结构,意思是虽然如此,尽管这样

  It is said that the nerve poison is the more primitive of the two,that the blood poison is,so to speak,a new product from an improved formula. Be that as it may,the nerve poison does its business with man far more quickly than the blood poison.

  7“range from …to…”结构。这是一个常见结构,译时很多情况下应变通处理,不能完全依靠辞典上的释义。

  Computer applications range from an assembly line completely run by computers to a children toy responding to remote signals.

  8、复杂结构,在下面例句中,由于anyone的定语从句过长,把谓语must realize提到定语从句之前。

  Though faith and confidence are surely more or lass foreign to my nature,I do not infrequently find myself looking to them to be able,diligent,candid,and even honest. Plainly enough,that is too large an order,as anyone must realize who reflects upon the manner in which they reach public office.

  9“if at all”是一个由“if”引起的主谓结构不完整的短句结为即将……”即使……”等。

  I can see only with great difficulty,if at all.

  10“the way…”结构

  I always thought she was a common-sense person who discussed things the way they ought to be discussed.

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