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云南成考经验|成人高考2021年英语书面表达?

文章来源: 云南成考网 发布时间: 2021-10-21 14:15

  云南成考经验|成人高考2021年英语书面表达?英文的英语作文范文一直以来便是学习英语的短板。在这里,向诸位学生给予提升英文写作的十字提议,即研修、记诵、背诵、有声翻译、效仿,归纳出塑造写作水平的五个层面,如能严苛遵循,定能峰回路转。

  研修

  “没规矩,没有规矩。”针对一般英语学生来讲,写下优秀的文章依赖于后天性习得,但并不代表着机械设备记诵、生吞活剥,或是生搬硬套照搬、以偏概全。说白了研修,必须 有独立思想和本人的分辨,秉着“它山之石,它山之石”的精神实质,吸取文章内容的精華一部分多方面科学研究。研修关键偏重于2个层面,包含文章内容技巧和语言表达能力。文章内容技巧指文章内容的行文思路、谋篇布局、构造分配、说明顺序。很多学生应对一个话题讨论,很有可能出现2种不一样的疑惑,一是下笔千言,但离题万里;二是感慨万千,却难以下笔。造成 二种疑惑的根本原因皆取决于缺乏独立思考、机构构思的合理方法,以致于文章内容为稻粱谋、技巧混乱。这就需要大家从全文主脉视角多研修范例,以后理解怎样以演绎推理写作、如何用归纳推理谋篇及其怎样紧紧围绕特殊话题讨论扩展构思这些。除此之外,研修还需要偏重于语言表达能力,包含布局谋篇和语句、文章段落中间的各种各样对接方式,以求在自身日后的撰写中大展身手,由于英文写作皆通一理。仅有擅于参考,勤加科学研究,才会借别人的优点和优点,提升自己的写作能力。

  记诵

  记诵是提升创作的又一重要途径。要学精创作,最先要正确处理好语言表达键入与输入输出中间的关联。前面一种是后面的必要条件。假如大脑空空如也,就压根算不上写下像模像样的文章内容。仅有读过很多物品,而且有目的地将在其中精彩纷呈一部分存储于记忆力当中(commit the highlights to memory),才可以确保落笔顺畅、文通字顺。因而,记诵针对创作极其重要。但记诵并不是无意识记忆,只是有目的性的记诵,是令人难忘的记忆力。由于机械设备记诵的最后要不是记忆力迅速就化为乌有、了无痕迹,要不是没法以不变应万变、付诸行动。记诵包含五个层面:关键语汇、常见套语、精彩句子、优秀段落、經典章节。

  关键语汇

  美好的措辞及配搭皆在这里列,像fall victim(被害),stand a fair chance(大有希望)这类正宗的动宾配搭要勤加记忆力。为了更好地累积创作语汇,应将原文中同为一个话题讨论的用语汇总梳理,构成主题内容族(topic family)。分类记忆力能够使自身日后即写即用,游刃有余。下面是一篇诠释善心的优秀文章,好几处措辞精致,现将原文中有关善心这一题材的语汇汇总以下:

  emotional strength 感情的能量

  the noblest of human emotions 人们最大尚的感情

  no thought of gain 无私无畏

  the lamp of love 善心之灯

  help the victims of natural disasters 援助洪涝灾害受害人

  donate whatever they can 倾囊相助

  help their needy fellow citizens 协助有须要的同胞们

  be ready to give a helping hand 随时随地提前准备伸出援手

  When we use the word “love”,we do not simply mean an attraction to a person of the opposite sex,which is a very narrow definition of the word. Love is emotional strength,which can support us no matter how dark the world around us becomes. In fact,throughout history people of many different cultures have regarded love as the noblest of human emotions.

  As an example of the power of love,we should remember how the Chinese people of all nationalities respond to the call to help the victims of natural disasters every year. Although their incomes are still low by international standards,people all over the country do not hesitate to donate whatever they can ― be it money or goods ― to help their needy fellow citizens. Moreover,they do this with no thought of gain for themselves.

  In my opinion,the best way to show love is to help people who are more unfortunate than we are. We should always be ready to give a helping hand to those who are in trouble,no matter whether they are family members or complete strangers. In this way,we can help to make the world a better place,for the darker the shadows of sorrow become,the more brightly the lamp of love shines.

  在我们用“爱”这个词时,大家不仅指异性朋友对一个人的吸引住,这仅仅对这个词十分狭小的表述。爱心是一种感情的能量,无论大家周边的全球多么的黑喑,善心都能支持大家。实际上,纵览历史时间,不一样文化的特点的人都把爱当做是人们最大尚的感情。

  说到爱成为你自己,大家立刻便会想到每一年我国各族群众是怎样积极响应援助洪涝灾害受害人的。虽然依照国家标准她们的收益还处在适度性,全国人民果断地倾囊相助――无论是钱或是物――协助一些有须要的同胞们。并且,她们这样做并不考虑到自身的得与失。

  我觉得,表述善心的较好方法是协助比大家更为悲剧的人。大家应当及时筹备向有难题的人外伸援手,不管它们是家庭主要成员或是素昧平生。那样,大家就可以助一臂之力把全球变为一个更美妙的地区,由于,忧伤的黑影越黑喑,善心之灯的光辉就越闪耀。

  常见套语

  套语指时兴的公式法语言表达,在创作中适度应用颇必须。如在商业信函末尾,期待另一方早日回应的表达形式就需要遵循套语的基本原则,使表述标准得当。下招聘面试举一些事例:

  Kindly favor us with an early reply. 请早日赐复。

  Your prompt reply will be highly appreciated. 如能立即回应,将不胜感谢。

  We look forward to hearing from you soon. 早日回应。

  We are expecting your prompt reply. 急盼回应。

  Please have the kindness to answer this letter quickly. 请早日复信。

  Kindly let us have your reply at your earliest convenience. 请在您便捷时尽快赐函。

  We would appreciate it if you could respond right away. 如能立刻回应,将不胜感谢。

  当今时兴应考创作模版,即套语的应用围绕论文自始至终,为学员给予万能公式型的文章内容底梁,每句话表述皆由固定不动套语圈定,学生只需背下套入句式、衔接词句,在测试中依据特殊考试题添充主要内容。这类应考对策使列出的文章内容装腔作势,生涩呆板,虽能够让学生合格通关,但肯定无法得到高分数。套语的太多应用何不能够比成海洋中的救生圈,拥有它,只是能够让不擅游泳者保护生命,却没法自得遨游,一展泳姿。一般而言,套语比较裂缝,如应用太多,文章内容非常容易流于片面化,言之无物。创作宜动静结合,方式与信息相统一。下例是一篇较为在家学习与进校念书谁优谁劣的范例,原文中恰当地运用了一些固定句式和衔接词句,不但提升了表达作用,并且达到了类型与信息的统一。

  There are two major arguments that can be made for studying at home. First,as advances in the electronic media have brought the whole world of scholarship into the home via the Internet and educational courses on TV,the classroom is no longer the only place for acquiring knowledge. Second,it is widely held that a person studies better in the familiar surroundings of his own home and when he can arrange his own study time.

  But we must not lose sight of the fact that there are advantages to studying in the classroom,too. Being surrounded by people of roughly the same abilities and interests can be a great stimulus to acquiring knowledge,whereas studying in solitude at home is boring for many people. More importantly,there can be no substitute for a good teacher,who must not only be able to impart facts and theories,but also to appraise and encourage his students.

  Given the choice between these two methods of learning,I prefer the classroom. This is because I am the sort of person who finds it difficult to concentrate on study in the midst of household chores,and disturbances from visitors and telephone calls. The classroom environment,I feel,is the only one in which most people feel comfortable applying all their energies to the all-important task of acquiring knowledge.

  有关在家学习,我们可以明确提出2个关键论点论据。第一,因为互联网媒体层面获得的发展把整个世界的基础知识根据网络和电视上的教育课程带到了家中,教室里已不是惟一获得专业知识的场地。第二,大家广泛认为,在自个家中那样了解的条件中,而且能自身分配学习时间,一个人能学得更强。

  可是,我们不能忽略在教室里学习培训也是有益处这一客观事实。周边全是工作能力相仿和兴致相同的人也许会对获得专业知识产生极大的刺激性,而对很多人而言孤独一人在家学习会有一些枯燥无味。更主要的是,没什么能够取代一个优秀老师,他不但可以传道解惑,并且可以评定并激励学员。

  假如在二种学习的方法中挑选,我更喜欢在教室里学习培训,由于我是那类难以在家务活琐碎、顾客、电話的打搅下集中精力学习培训的人。我觉得绝大多数人仅有在教室里才可以把所有时间放到获得专业知识这一件十分关键的工作方面。

  精彩句子

  精彩句子指文章内容中句型唯美、蕴涵哲理的句子。精彩句子的记诵有利于创作时的饮用和效仿。如在阅读文章老布什罗伯特·密特朗(John F. Kennedy)的就职演说(Inaugural Address)时,能够记牢例如“Ask not what your country can do for you,ask what you can do for your country. ”(不必问我国能让你干什么,而要问能为国家干什么。)那样的热血传奇妙句,如果你写关于爱国(patriotism)主题风格的写作时,则能够适度引入。现仍之上谈话“善心”的文章内容为例子,在其中非常值得记诵的语句为数不少。摘抄如下所示:

  ①Love is emotional strength,which can support us no matter how dark the world around us becomes.

  爱心是感情的能量,无论大家周边的全球多么的黑喑,善心都能支持大家。

  ②People all over the country do not hesitate to donate whatever they can ― be it money or goods ― to help their needy fellow citizens.

  全国人民果断地倾囊相助――无论是钱或是物――协助一些有须要的同胞们。

  ③The best way to show love is to help people who are more unfortunate than we are.

  表述善心的较好方法是协助比大家更为悲剧的人。

  ④The darker the shadows of sorrow become,the more brightly the lamp of love shines.

  忧伤的黑影越黑喑,善心之灯的光辉就越闪耀。

  优秀段落

  阅读文章时,大家时常会遇到一些一眼就记住了的文章段落。这种文章段落或是表述顺畅、文笔优美,或是逻辑性周密、构造认真细致。依据表述必须 ,有不一样的作用文章段落,如状况表明段、见解阐述段、缘故例举段、利与弊表述段、结果梳理段、发展趋势预测分析段、对策提议段等。有一些优秀段落能够做为撰写的作用文章段落多方面记诵,针对大家扩展构思、标准写作大有益处。在记诵全过程中,灵活运用各种各样作用文章段落的写作标准,自身在表示时就能游刃有余。下边仅举见解阐述段和对策提议段各一例。

  见解阐述段(阐述“民俗文化应当变成世界文化”的见解)

  A culture of one nation may become international,which is beneficial for all mankind. Since China has opened its doors widely to the outside world,many people from different countries want to visit China. They will come to accept and love Chinese culture as a whole. In addition,Chinese culture should be shared generously with foreign people,who show great interest in it. Meanwhile,as more and more foreigners come to China,they bring aspects of their own culture to share with the Chinese people. In this way,people from various nations in the world will be able to acquire a better understanding of each other and live peacefully together.

  一个国家的企业文化很有可能变成世界文化,这对人类都有利。因为国内早已向外部打开了国境,很多来源于不一样国家的人都期待看来一说中国。她们会逐渐接受并喜爱全部中国传统文化,中国传统文化应当落落大方地让有兴趣的老外共享。此外,伴随着来我国的老外愈来愈多,她们也把他们自己的文化艺术带来了我们中国人。那样,世界各地的大家就可以能够更好地互相理解、和睦相处。

  对策提议段(提议“社会老龄化”的处理对策)

  The rapidity of the population's aging has made it more urgent for the adoption of countermeasures. No doubt, the key is to build a solid economic foundation. Meanwhile,importance should be attached to overall social progress by changing the backward situation in social security,welfare and service. What's more,family care and community services should also be encouraged.

  社会老龄化的加快使采用应对措施越来越更加急迫。不容置疑,解决困难的关键是创建稳定的经济。此外,应当高度重视总体的社会进步,更改社保、褔利和业务的滞后局势。此外,应当激励家中照顾和社区便民服务。

  經典章节

  自古以来,英文宝藏中不断涌现大量經典优秀作品,如林肯汽车的《葛底斯堡演说》(The Gettysburg Address),福克纳的诺奖演讲(Banquet Speech),克山·凯勒的《给我三天光明》(Three Days to See)。这种内容在文本的使用上手法精湛,在观念意义上寓意深刻,读来如获至宝,文本唯美,启发思维,含意韵致(full of exquisite words and truth, satisfying the mind,appealing to the heart)。那样的文章内容如不可以熟读成诵,则没法融汇贯通。记诵一定数目的精选名作既有利于提升自己布局谋篇的工作能力,也有利于提升自身抒发感情的深层。下边的一篇小短文是美国思想家弗雷德里克(Bertrand Russell)个人传记的前言一部分,名为What I Have Lived For(人生之路追求完美),简述了创作者一生追求完美的三种理想化,文章内容在语言表达和观念2个领域都称得上經典,非常值得记诵。

  What I Have Lived For

  Three passions,simple but overwhelmingly strong,have governed my life:the longing for love,the search for knowledge,and unbearable pity for the suffering of mankind. These passions,like great winds,have blown me hither and thither,in a wayward course,over a deep ocean of anguish,reaching to the very verge of despair.

  I have sought love,first,because it brings ecstasy ― ecstasy so great that I would often have sacrificed all the rest of life for a few hours of this joy. I have sought it,next,because it relieves loneliness ― that terrible loneliness in which one shivering consciousness looks over the rim of the world into the cold unfathomable lifeless abyss. I have sought it,finally,because in the union of love I have seen,in a mystic miniature,the prefiguring vision of the heaven that saints and poets have imagined. This is what I sought,and though it might seem too good for human life,this is what ― at last ― I have found.

  With equal passion I have sought knowledge. I have wished to understand the hearts of men. I have wished to know why the stars shine. And I have tried to apprehend the Pythagorean power by which number holds sway above the flux. A little of this,but not much,I have achieved.

  Love and knowledge,so far as they were possible,led upward toward the heavens. But always pity brought me back to earth. Echoes of cries of pain reverberate in my heart. Children in famine,victims tortured by oppressors, helpless old people ― a hated burden to their sons,and the whole world of loneliness,poverty,and pain make a mockery of what human life should be. I long to alleviate the evil,but I can't,and I too suffer.

  以上便是“云南成考经验|成人高考2021年英语书面表达?”的相关介绍,希望可以帮助到大家,更多成人高考相关资讯,请关注云南成考网,为广大考生们提供云南省成人高考、成人高考网上报名、成人高考报名时间、成人高考报名入口、成人高考结果查询、成人高考专业、成人高考院校、成人高考怎样报名、函授报名、函授本科以及云南专升本、云南远程教育等相关资讯,给考生介绍合适考生的报考方案,提供给考生全面的、合适考生的成考网。


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